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Human rights and freedom of expression
in the constitution of the People's Republic of Bangladesh

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29 (1) There shall be equality of opportunity for all citizens in respect of employment or office in the service of the Republic. Equality of opportunity in public employment.
29 (2) No citizen shall, on grounds only of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth, be ineligible for, or discriminated against in respect of, any employment or office in the service of the Republic.
29 (3a) Nothing in this article shall prevent the State from- (a) making special provision in favour of any backward section of citizens for the purpose of securing their adequate representation in the service of the Republic ;
29 (3b) Giving effect to any law which makes provision for reserving appointments relating to any religious or denominational institution to persons of that religion or denomination ;
29 (3c) Reserving for members of one sex any class of employment or office on the ground that it is considered by its nature to be unsuited to members of the opposite sex.
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30 No citizen shall, without the prior approval of the President, accept any title, honour, award or decoration from any foreign state. * Prohibition of foreign titles, etc.
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31 To enjoy the protection of the law, and to be treated in accordance with law, and only in accordance with law, is the inalienable right of every citizen, wherever he may be, and of every other person for the time being within Bangladesh, and in particular no action detrimental to the life, liberty, body, reputation or property of any person shall be taken except in accordance with law. Right to protection of law
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32 No person shall be deprived of life or personal liberty save in accordance with law. Protection of right to life and personal liberty.
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* Article 30 was substituted for the former article 30 by the Constitution (Eighth Amendment) Act, 19ft(j (Act XXX of 1983), s. 5.
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33 (1) No person who is arrested shall be detained in custody without being informed, as soon as may be, of the grounds for such arrest, nor shall he be denied the right to consult and be defended by a iegal practitioner of his choice. * Safeguards as to arrest and detention
33 (2) Every person who is arrested and detained in custody shall be produced before the nearest magistrate within a period of twenty-four hours of such arrest, excluding the time necessary for the journey from the place of arrest to the court of the magistrate, and no such person shall be detained in custody beyond the said period without the authority of a magistrate.
33 (3) Nothing in clauses (1) and (2) shall apply to any person - (a) who for the time being is an enemy alien; or (b) who is arrested or detained under any law providing for preventive detention.
33 (4) No law providing for preventive detention shall authorise the detention of a person for a period exceeding six months unless an Advisory Board consisting of three persons, of whom two shall be persons who are, or have been, or are qualified to be appointed as, Judges of the Supreme Court and the other shall be a person who is a senior officer in the service of the Republic, has, after affording him an opportunity of being heard in person, reported before the expiration of the said period of six months that there is, in its opinion, sufficient cause for such detention.
33 (5) When any person is detained in pursuance of an order made under any law providing for preventive detention,'the authority making the order shall, as soon as may be, communicate to such person the grounds on which the order has been made, and shall afford him the earliest opportunity of making a representation against the order: Provided that the authority making any such order may refuse to disclose facts which such authority considers to be against the public interest to disclose.
33 (6) Parliament may by law prescribe the procedure to be followed by an Advisory Board in an inquiry under
clause (4).

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* Article 33 was substituted for the former article 33 by the Constitution {Second Amendment) Act,
1973 (Act XXI V of 1973), s. 3.
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People's Republic of Bangladesh, official web site :
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